Артикль (определённый, неопределённый, нулевой). Имя существительное (множественное число, притяжательный падеж, исчисляемые\неисчисляемые). Английское предложение

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What is ethnocentrism? Write your understanding of the term.

____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________ .

Is it good or bad for intercultural communication? Circle YES or NO box below and give your reasons:

YES    /   NO

4.  Compare scholarly definition of ethnocentrism with yours:

Ethnocentrism literally means “centrality of culture,” the assumption that one’s own culture is superior over other cultures. This is the belief that one particular race or nationality of people is superior to all others. This is the tendency to regard other cultures through the norms and conventions of one’s own culture.

5.  Connect “ethnocentric” words in the left column with their definitions in the right column. The first has been done for you.

“Ethnocentric” words

Definitions

discrimination

Unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions, rejecting or opposing to the inclusion or participation of those different from oneself, especially those of a different racial, ethnic, or social background

generalization

To form an opinion about someone or something before knowing or examining all the facts

prejudge

Inference or formation of a general opinion, conclusion, etc. from meager or insufficient facts or information

intolerance

The practice of treating one person or group of people less fairly or less well than other people or groups based on race, religion, physical appearance, age, etc.

prejudice

A tendency to be in favor of or against something or someone without knowing enough to be able to judge fairly

racism

Unreasonable fear and dislike of strange or foreign people, customs, etc.

bias

An unfair and often unfavorable feeling or opinion formed without thinking deeply and clearly or without enough knowledge, and sometimes resulting from fear or distrust of ideas different from one’s own

preconception

An opinion formed in advance, without actual knowledge

xenophobia

The belief that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to rule others

6.  How is ethnocentrism connected with stereotypes? What do you think of this connection? Have you ever observed behaviors that were different from yours? Have you ever tried to explain these behaviors? Have you ever thought about the causes of such “strange” behaviors asking WHY, WHO, WHAT, HOW questions? Circle YES or NO boxes:

YES   /   NO 

If you have done this, it means you’ve been looking for attributions that are judgments about the causes of behavior (R. Brislin, 1993, 40). In other words, you’ve been trying to find connection between ethnocentric perception of others and stereotypes (ethnocentric perception is based on ‘units’ which are called stereotypes).

7.  Apply your knowledge of ethnocentrism, stereotypes and attributions to the analysis of stereotype / behavior in the given intercultural situations. The first has been done for you.

Stereotype / Behavior

Attributions

Interpretation in the context of that culture

A Russian man standing in a line behind an American woman offered her a chocolate bar several times; each time she politely refused.

1. An American woman’s attribution: the man is so meddling (Stereotype – Russian man are annoyingly persistent).

2. A Russian man’s attribution: the woman is impolite.

Attributions concerning their behavior do not coincide. Their judgments about the causes of respective behavior were different.

In the context of Russian culture, the behavior when a person offers something at least three times is normal. In the context of American culture, this behavior is strange: you offer something only time; direct answer should immediately follow.

A Russian professor was hosted by an American counterpart at their home. Offering a glass of wine an American professor said, “Sorry, we don’t have vodka”

My best friend Alexander was invited to dinner at a nice restaurant by an American friend and his wife. At the end the waiter brought the check and put it in the middle of the table. Alexander was dumbfounded, when his friend offered to split the check three ways (Alexander, his friend and friend’s wife).

A welcoming party in honor of a group of forty American students and teachers was held in one of the best restaurants. There were speeches, exchange of ideas along with good food, beverage, etc. At the end of the dinner most Americans started taking out what

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