Практическое пособие для студентов IV курса специальности «Психология», страница 12

Однако самоубийство – это не выход из положения. Мари, жизнь которой превратилась в сплошной кошмар, призналась: «Мне, конечно, приходили в голову мысли о самоубийстве. Но я понимала, что, пока я жива, у меня остаётся хоть какая-то надежда». Да, расставшись с жизнью, ничего не решить. К сожалению, многие подростки, впав в отчаяние, оказываются неспособными представить себе другой выход из положения или допустить, что всё закончится благополучно. Мэри, например, пытаясь скрыть свою депрессию, начала колоться героином. Но уверенности в ней было хоть отбавляй, пока действовал наркотик. Где же искать выход из данной ситуации?

Speech Practice

1.  Discuss the text using the questions given below:

1)  Why are most people fascinated by things out of the ordinary?

2)  What psychological disorders are mentioned in the text? Give short characteristics of each of them.

3)  Is a person, suffering personality disorders, dangerous for society?

4)  Can all these disorders be treated nowadays? Why or why not?

2.  Look through the text and give an oral summary of psychological disorders.

3.  Write down a plan of the text.

4. Read the text once again and retell it according to your plan.

Supplementary Reading

Read the text and discuss it using the questions that follow.

Suicide

But life, being weary of these worldly bars

Never lacks power to dismiss itself.

                   William Shakespeare,

                   Julius Caesar, 1599

Each year in the US, some 25 000 to 30 000 wearied, despairing people will say no to life by electing a permanent solution to what may be a temporary problem. In retrospect, their family and friends may recall signs that they now believe should have forewarned them – the suicidal talk, the giving away of possessions, or the withdrawal and preoccupations with death. One-third of those who now succeed will have tried suicide before.

Actually, few of those who think suicidal thoughts (a number that includes perhaps one-third of all college students) actually attempts suicide, a few of these succeed in killing themselves. Most individuals who commit suicide have talked of it, and any who do talk about it are at least sending a signal of their desperate or despondent feelings.

To find out who commits suicide, researchers have compared the suicide rates of different groups. National differences are puzzling. The suicide rates of Ireland, Italy, and Israel are half that in the USA, those of Australia, Denmark, and Switzerland differences are suggestive: suicidal rates have tended to be higher among the rich, the nonreligious, and the unmarried (including the widowed and divorced). Gender differences are dramatic: women are much more likely than men to attempt suicide; depending on the country, however, men are two to three times more likely to succeed. (Men are more likely to use foolproof methods, such as putting a bullet into the brain.). Age differences have   vanished. The suicide rate among 15 to 24-year-olds has more than doubled since 1955 and now equals the traditionally higher suicide rate among older adults.

Suicide often occurs not when the person is in the depths of depression, when energy and initiative are lacking, but when the person begins to rebound, becoming capable of following through. Teenage suicides may follow a traumatic event such as a romantic breakup or antisocial act, and often are linked with drug and alcohol abuse. In the elderly, suicide is sometimes chosen as an alternative to future suffering. In people of all ages, suicide is not necessarily an act of hostility or revenge, as many people think, but a way of switching off unendurable and seemingly inescapable pain.

Social suggestion may also initiate the final act: known suicides as well as fatal auto “accidents” and private airplane crashes increase following highly publicized suicides.

Questions for discussion.